Nalanda is one of the most ancient international centers of education and learning equivalent to modern universities, with a very rich library. An inscribed seal written "Sri-Nalandamahavihariy-Arya-Bhikshu-Sanghasya" identifies the site as Nalanda Mahavihara.
Female Head, terracotta, 6th-7th century, Gandharan style, Jammu, India
The site of Pambarvan, near Akhnur, appears to have been a Buddhist stupa site. Sixth century Gupta coins have been found, together with the terracotta remains of sculptural decorations, most notably a series of terracotta...
Evidence in literature suggests that in 1193, the Nalanda University was sacked by the fanatic BAKHTIYAR KHILJI, a Turk. Muslim conquest in India is seen by scholars as one of the reasons of the decline of Buddhism in India. The Persian historian MINHAJ-I-SIRAJ, in h...
With the rise of Buddhism in India, there arose many centres of learning which did not exist before. As a result Buddhist India came to have five major universities which achieved wide fame. These five were NALANDA, Vickramasila, Odantapuri,Jagadalala and Somapura. In the 10th century when Hieun ...
Relief showing the Descent of the Buddha from Trayastrimsa Heaven, grey schist, 3rd century AD, Gandhara.
The Buddha chose to ascend to the heaven of the Thirty-Three Gods (Trayastrimsa, equivalent to Indra's Svarga Heaven) in order to preach to the gods and his mother who also resided to eart...
Buddhism: Origin, Spread and Decline
By Pankaj Jain
A keen observer of the world history may notice a pendulous motion. At one end of the pendulum's swing is the society immersed in crass materialism, Pravritti (literally, action) and at the other end is the society...
The Royal procession to the ploughing ceremony. King Suddhodana walks under a white parasol with courtiers behind him and followed by the oxen for ploughing. Queen Maha-Maya and Prince Siddhattha ride behing upon an elephant
Painting 1853 - 1885
From: Life of the Buddha
Volume 2 From the me...
Buddha Shakyamuni, Sandstone, Bodhgaya, eastern India, 9th-10th century
This sculpture captures the inner calm and tranquillity of Buddhahood. Here the Buddha is seated in a meditation posture on a lotus pedestal, with hands in ‘dharmacakramudra’. He is expounding the Buddhist law ('dharma'), an...
Painting of the Tejaprabha Buddha (Chisong Gwangbul) together with the North Pole star (Pukkuk song), surrounded by figures representing the navagraha (nine planets), twenty-eight constellations and the twelve western signs of the zodiac; mineral colours on coarse silk. Red rectangular panel on c...