Posted on: 22 June 2019

Kedar Ragini
Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes),ca. 1690–95
Painted by Ruknuddin
India (Bikaner, Rajasthan)

The artist Ruknuddin has combined creatively a number of ragamala texts to make this evocative masterpiece. Following artistic precedent and the texts, he shows an ascetic “in penance, adorned, gray [with ashes]” listening to a disciple, who is described as “a young man beauteous in every limb,” playing the rudra vina. Another ragamala text tells us the disciple is “an ascetic, whose mind is drowned in meditation on Shiva . . . crowned by the white moon.”

Image and text credit:
© The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Strength and temptation


Ragamala paintings- illustrative paintings from medieval India based on Ragamala or the "Garland of Ragas", depicting various Indian musical modes called Ragas.

Ragmala is one of the most complicated but still heavily dressed Indian musical art. Would like to see the book based on all ragas and raginis