His Highness CHAMA RAJA WADIYAR X (1863–94) (also known as Chama Rajendra Wadiyar X) was the ruling Maharaja of Mysore between 1881 and 1894.
Chamaraja Wadiyar was the 23rd Maharaja of Mysore. Although his reign proved to be a brief one, he left an indelible mark on the Kingdom of Mysore and thereby on the present day Indian state of Karnataka.
He instituted the Representative Assembly of Mysore state in 1881. This was the first modern, democratic legislative institution of its kind in princely India. He sponsored the famous journey of Swami Vivekananda to Chicago in 1893. He gave primacy to women's education and founded the Kannada Bashojjivini School. He gave a fillip to the industrialisation of the Kingdom of Mysore by instituting several industrial schools and conducting the annual Dasara Industrial Exhibition. He facilitated the founding of Agricultural Banks to help finance farmers and initiated Life Insurance for government employees.
Many of the most famous landmarks of Mysore and Bangalore owe their existence to him. Prominent among these are:
Lalbagh Glass House
Oriental Research Institute Mysore, established in 1891
Maharaja's College, Mysore (1889)
Maharaja's Sanskrit School
Fern Hill Palace (Ooty).
Portrait of HH Sri Chamarajendra Wadiyar X
Painted by Raja Ravi Varma
Oil on canvas
Current location: Srikantha Datta Narasimharaja Wadiyar, The Palace, Mysore